Tag Archives: vocabulary

Super Duper Core Curriculum Cards

16 Nov

From all of your emails (thank you!) I can see that there is great interest in aligning classroom and speech therapy activities with the Common Core State Standards.  So I’d like to share with you a great product to have on hand (in a speech therapy room, classroom or even in the home if you’re a parent) to help students develop a core curriculum vocabulary.

Many of the Common Core State Standards include vocabulary words that are found in Super Duper Publication’s Core Curriculum Vocabulary Cards.   The authors of this product reviewed several research studies to determine 100 words at each level that students need to know in order to participate in their classroom.

These card decks come in three levels (Pre-K through K, grades 1-3, and grades 2-4).  Each level comes in a compact, colorful tin (sorry, I love great packaging!) and the cards are divided into four separate card decks (Language Arts, Math, Science, and Social Studies).  Each deck has 25 card pairs and each pair consists of the definition card and the vocabulary word card.  Both cards include the same graphic so matching the word to the definition can be simple.

I’ve been experimenting with using the cards in different ways.  Each grade level set comes with a booklet of different game ideas for how to use the cards.  I’m thinking of lending certain cards to individual students who may need picture prompts in the classroom.  They can also be used on a rotating word wall.  One thing I love about these cards is the language used on the definition cards.  It is very accessible and kid friendly, even for kids with language disorders.  Furthermore,  the graphics on the cards help make the definitions more salient.

Most of my readers know I am a big fan of the iPad because it cuts out the need for flash cards and handouts and simplifies the paper load.  While I would love to see these core curriculum cards available on the iPad, I also love that I can physically manipulate and rearrange these cards for certain games (ie. I can place them in various corners of the room and have students search for the correct card pairs this gets them up and moving and actively engaged), hang them on my word of the day wall, laminate and tape them to a students desk, or help teachers build some of these games into independent student centers.  These are things I wouldn’t be able to do on the iPad, so there is a time and a place for both formats.

I also think this could be a great set for parents to have at home to help transfer academic vocabulary to other contexts outside of school.  Parents can help their kids make new connections and expand their understanding of core vocabulary words by using the same words students hear in the classroom in other settings outside of school.  Since kids needs to use new words in a variety of contexts to help them retain the meaning, playing games with these cards at home is a great way for parents to help reinforce the language teachers are using in the classroom.

Teachers at PS20 feel free to stop by my room to borrow a set for your classroom.  I’d also be happy to discuss how you can use these cards in independent student centers in your room.  I would also love to hear other ways people are using these cards so feel free to leave a comment or shoot me an email.

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Teaching Vocabulary: How Do We Learn New Words?

12 Apr

Students learn vocabulary most effectively when given opportunities to construct meaning rather than simply memorizing definitions, synonyms and antonyms.  To this end, there is no time and place to teach vocabulary, but it is a part of everything we do as teachers, parents and therapists.

EXPOSURE & EXPERIENCE

When children learn to talk, they learn to say their first words by repeatedly hearing the words for concrete items in their environment.  Words like, “ball,” “cup,” “more,” “big,” “juice” are words kids learn first because they occur frequently in their environment.  Little kids learn and acquire new words through repeated exposure to them.  So do school aged children.

For school aged children, giving a definition for a new word usually isn’t good enough.  A child isn’t really experiencing a word or filing it away in their personal word bank for future use, by reading or hearing a definition.  Research suggests that It takes a minimum of 15 encounters with a new word for a student to understand and use the word independently.  In addition, words are nuanced.  There are subtle distinctions and variations between words that mean the same thing (synonyms) and unless children have the chance to interact with each of these words, experience them and engage with them it’s probably not going to stick.

Asking the right kinds of questions and helping students to make connections among words that they already know can be very effective.  Asking questions like, “Where have you heard this word before,” “Can you think of another meaning for this word,” or just talking about word meanings and being silly with definitions (substitute other words that don’t make sense or sound funny) help kids to expand the way they think about words.  If we build confidence and competence in dissecting and connecting words that students already know, this skill will start to translate and help kids “problem solve” when they encounter unfamiliar words.

FOCUSED STIMULATION

One technique that most Speech Pathologists use with the little ones for stimulating language is focused stimulation. This is a pretty simple technique, but needs to be intentional and planned out.  The clinician decides on the target word for the mini-lesson and uses it over and over again while interacting with the child.  The idea is not necessarily to require a response or repetition from the child, but to expose them to a new word repeatedly, in a natural setting.  This can take place while playing a game or reading a book and is very different from simply making a child repeat new words.

If you’re interested in learning more about using Focused Stimulation, click here for some examples and a great summary of this simple technique.

FOUR KINDS OF VOCABULARY

It’s also good to keep in mind that vocabulary doesn’t just refer to the words we speak.  Sometimes we read or hear words that we would never use, but we still know what they mean.  So are these words a part of our vocabulary (words that we would never use, but know what they mean)?  Yes.  We have a receptive vocabulary and an expressive vocabulary.

Judy Montgomery, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Professor, Chapman University has identified four kinds of vocabularies.  That is, our listening, speaking, reading, and writing vocabulary. Research shows that when you teach or target one of those categories, it has a large impact on the others.  So learning a new word is most effective when we can hear it, see it, read it, and write it.

RESOURCES / EXAMPLES

Here are just a few of the games/ materials I use with kids to help build exposure and experience with new words:

Here are some links to internet games/ activities for building vocabulary (these links can also be found on the homepage under the link Category: Building Vocabulary Internet Games):

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